Codes require buildings to be structurally strong and able to withstand environmental changes without collapse. Perhaps this gives a false sense of security in believing they are also able to be repaired.
More and more professional organizations in the building industry are focusing attention on resiliency. On the design side, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) created its Disaster Assistance Program and Structural Engineers Association created its Disaster Emergency Services Committee – both of which advocate for the Architect’s or Engineer’s role in resiliency planning and direct assistance to communities through a network of experts who are available to help before, during, and after an event.
What do Architects, Engineers, and Builders need to know?
Architects, Engineers, and Builders keenly understand the obvious need for the ability to recover from a devastating event – from cleanup to repair or rebuilding – perhaps more so than the average human. Yet, what does resiliency really mean for construction and design?
Every city and community experiences environmental changes in one form or another. While natural disasters are unpredictable, they appear to be inevitable. When they do occur, they impose a devastating cost in many directions. With this understanding, it certainly seems appropriate to do everything possible in order to mitigate spiraling costs of operational failures through including products with resilient properties. If resilience increases upfront costs, a calculation has to be done to see if those costs are greater than expected losses – an economic analysis of the construction and design. Implementing resiliency strategies brings increased performance now and into the future.
The National Institute of Building Sciences created the 4-Rs of resilience in buildings:
Robustness: the ability to maintain critical operations and functions in the face of crisis. This includes the building itself, the design of the infrastructure (office buildings, power generation, distribution structures, bridges, dams, levees), or in system redundancy and substitution (transportation, power grid, communication networks).
Resourcefulness: the ability to skillfully prepare for, respond to and manage a crisis or disruption as it unfolds. This includes identifying courses of action and business continuity planning, training, supply chain management, prioritizing actions to control and mitigate damage, and effectively communicating decisions.
Rapid recovery: the ability to return to and/or reconstitute normal operations as quickly and efficiently as possible after a disruption. Components of rapid recovery include carefully drafted contingency plans, competent emergency operations, and the means to get the right people and resources to the right places.
Redundancy, is proposed as another key feature, which means that there are back-up resources to support the originals in case of failure that should also be considered when planning for resilience.
In their words: “These four resilience features are simply called the 4Rs. Resilience is multidisciplinary and needs the cooperation of different disciplines for successful outcome. Without multidisciplinary cooperation and contributions, there cannot be a successful or efficient resilient infrastructure.”
U.S. Green Building Council is also interested in resiliency as it is now part of their LEED Green Building Rating System with the inclusion of three new LEED pilot credits developed by the Resilient Design Institute. These credits are available through the design process when there is integration of resiliency into the earliest phases of building planning and design.
Additionally, USGBC announced the adoption of the RELi Resilience Rating System which was created by Institute for Market Transformation to Sustainability (MTS), Capital Markets Partnership, and Perkins+Will. RELi is a stand-alone program under the LEED umbrella and includes a credit system similar to LEED but with a specific focus on issues related to resilient design.
DuraFuse Frames is pleased to be on the cutting edge of innovation and provides simple, yet impressive options for resilient building. These innovative moment frame products protect beams and columns with a shear-yielding bottom fuse plate that is the ONLY part which needs to be replaced following a severe event. When the event is less, ZERO repairs are needed. This means little to no downtime before being able to resume normal operations. Additionally, in comparison to other steel moment frames, DuraFuse Frames products require no added upfront costs; rather, they result in delightful savings for most cases.
In a fast-paced world, this is excellent news.
LinkedIn | October 15, 2019